Water use for natural gas development is regulated.
In Alberta, the Alberta Energy Regulator (AER) regulates the use of water for natural gas development. Operators must apply to the AER for a licence to withdraw surface water or groundwater for use in natural gas development.
In British Columbia, water used for natural gas development is regulated by the BC Oil & Gas Commission (BCOGC). A short-term use approval is typically issued for water withdrawal for hydraulic fracturing operations, which gives permission to withdraw surface water or groundwater for a maximum of 12 months. This is also the case in Alberta where it is called a temporary diversion licence (TDL).
In both Alberta and B.C., operators are required to report water withdrawals to the regulator and monitor the water source to ensure they are sustainable. The regulator may suspend water withdrawals to protect the integrity of the water system during low flow periods or drought.
Fracturing fluid that flows back to the wellbore after hydraulic fracturing is completed.
Water contained in underground natural aquifers.
Water naturally present or injected into the reservoir to enhance production that< flows back to the surface.
Water from rain, snowmelt, or other sources, that flows over the land surface, and is a major component of the water cycle.
Water collected on the ground or in a stream, river, lake, sea or ocean.
LEARN MORE ABOUT WATER USE IN NATURAL GAS DEVELOPMENT
- Water Use in Natural Gas Development in British Columbia
- Water Use in Oil and Natural Gas Development in Alberta
MANAGING WATER USE RESPONSIBLY
Canada’s natural gas industry works to protect water during sourcing, use, transportation and disposal.
- Water use
- Water monitoring
- Protecting water
- Environmental Action - Water
- Alberta Water Act
- BC Water Portal
- CAPP Hydraulic Fracturing Operating Practice for Water Sourcing, Measurement and Reuse